Rose is the queen of the flowers.
The rose was, is and is likely to remain the most beloved flower of the majority of the fair sex. Roses were symbols of love, beauty, war and politics. Probably, no other flower has so many stories, myths and legends connected with it. In particular, they tell about why the rose turned red. In ancient Greece it was believed that this happened when a drop of blood touched her petals from the foot of the goddess Aphrodite, pricked by a thorn of a rose while searching for Adonis killed by her. However, the Greeks themselves disagreed. Others believed that the rose turned red because of Cupid, who inadvertently dropped a drop of red wine on the flower.
A later, Christianized legend says that the white rose that grew in the Garden of Eden blushed with pleasure when Eve kissed her. Even later, the tradition turned the rose into a symbol of the suffering of Christ: red is the symbol of the holy blood of the Savior, and thorns are the thorns of his crown. The white rose in the Catholic tradition symbolizes the Most Pure Virgin.
And here are some interesting facts, including historical ones, about this amazing flower.
- Emperor Nero adored roses. He demanded that their petals should completely cover the smooth surface of Lake of Luzen, by which he loved to walk, and also the floor in his palace and the bed on which he reclined, receiving guests. His pleasure costed an astronomical sum for the treasury.
- “When in the 12th century the crusaders suffered a defeat in the battle with the Muslim sultan and commander Saladin and returned from Jerusalem to the West, they brought these marvelous plants with them. They began to grow in monasteries. The monks learned how to make Rosewater, which was valued for its healing properties: it was successfully used by patients suffering from trembling in the body, constipation, insomnia, drunkenness, sore throat and skin diseases. By the way, in XVII, roses and rose water were so valued that they could pay for the goods instead of money.
- In the 15th century, a bloody internecine war broke out in England, which went down in history as the war of the Red and White Rose. Upon its completion, an amazing variety of roses was bred – as a symbol of the onset of the long-awaited reconciliation of the warring parties: pink and white buds bloomed on one bush. Rose was named after the representatives of the warring dynasties - York-and-Lancaster.
- The most ancient rose is 35 million years old! She was found petrified in Florissant Valley, Colorado.
- The oldest living rose grows in Germany. The rose bush has been blossoming from year to year for the past 1000 years near the walls of the cathedral in Hildesheim and is almost as tall as the roof of the building.
- Rosehip Rose Fruit - a record holder in vitamin C content among other berries and fruits.
- In the works of William Shakespeare, the rose is mentioned more than fifty times.
Behind the captivating beauty and enchanting scent of this flower is some kind of magic that every time beckons us to itself, and which we are unable to guess. This feeling is similar to love, pushing on recklessness, forcing to throw millions of roses at the feet of their beloved women.