The events that take place on the World Wetland Day are intended to attract the attention of the public and governments of different countries to the value of wetlands to maintain a balanced development of our planet.
The Convention on Wetlands, that is of international importance predominantly as waterfowl habitat, was signed on February 2, 1971 in Ramsar (Iran), since that time is known as the Ramsar Convention. The main objective of this Convention is the conservation and sustainable usage of wetlands as a means of achieving sustainable development throughout the world. The World Wetland Day was first celebrated in 1997.
Wetlands will help us recover, prepare and cope with the effects of climate change. The temperature rises, the ocean becomes warmer, snow and glaciers are melting and the sea level increases faster than in previous centuries. The concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is increasing, the cause of that is human activity. For 35 years the frequency of natural disasters worldwide has increased by 90% of these catastrophes. And in the nearest future there will be more extreme weather phenomena. But wetlands play an important role in mitigating the effects of greenhouse gases and appropriate climate change.
We must keep and restore our wetlands. Strategies aimed to resolve issues of climate change should include the sustainable use of wetlands. For the period from 1970 to the present time we have already lost 35% of the land. Communities, peoples and governments should work together to protect these extraordinary ecosystems, which will help us to recover, prepare and cope with the effects of climate change.